The agreement also required citizens of both countries to obtain free visas for tourism, pilgrimages and trade from 1 April. Iran and Iraq have agreed to re-establish the 1975 Algiers Agreement as part of efforts to improve relations and resolve border disputes along the Shatt Al Arab Waterway. Today, more than 40 years after the signing, neighbouring countries this week declared their intention to implement the agreement. The Algiers agreement placed the border between Iraq and Iran at the centre of the main canal of the Shatt al-Arab waterway (Arvand Rud), commonly known as Thalweg.  Iraq was obliged to renounce its claims to the Arab territories of western Iran. Both countries were required to commit to closely and effectively monitoring their shared border and to ending all intervention on each other`s territory. Iran was therefore obliged to end all support for the Kurds. Both countries have agreed to be good neighbours. A violation of part of the agreement “goes against the spirit of the Algiers agreement.” In 1963, after the Ramadan revolution, the Baath Party government, led by Ahmad Hassan al-Bakr, launched a campaign against the Kurdish rebellion that had sought Iraq`s independence. The Baath-led government collapsed after the November 1963 coup under Abdul Salam Arif. Relations between the new government and the Kurds have not been agreed. In 1968, the Baath Party and the Iraqi government experienced another revolution called the July 17 revolution. Tensions between the new government and the Kurds have escalated and the Iraqi armed forces are taking military action against Kurdish separatists.
The action of the Kurdish rebels has caused massive economic unrest. On 11 March 1970, a contract was signed in Tikrit between the Vice-President of the Revolutionary Command Council (Iraq), Saddam Hussein, and the leader of the Kurdish rebellion, Mustafa al-Barzani, to end the conflict.  As part of the agreement, the militias were to be merged with the Iraqi army, all ties with Iran would be severed and the rebellion would end. In exchange, the Iraqi government promised autonomy to the Kurds, associating Kurdish representatives with the Iraqi government.  The government had previously encouraged the “Arabization” of oil-rich Kurdish regions.  Until 1974, there were unresolved problems between the government and the Kurds regarding the oil resources of the Kurdish regions of Iraq.